History of the Chinese Vietnamese

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, approximately one million Vietnamese and Chinese Vietnamese refugees entered the United States between the years 1975 and 2000 after the Fall of Saigon on April 30, 1975.

With the help of the Orderly Departure Program and the Refugee Act of 1980, Chinese Vietnamese refugees were able to flee political persecution from the new communist-backed Vietnamese regime that had confiscated their businesses. 

Similar to the Vietnamese American experience, many of the Chinese Vietnamese were among the waves of "boat people" that fled Vietnam en mass after the Fall of Saigon on April 30, 1975. 

The Chinese Vietnamese, like many Vietnamese, fled Vietnam by sneaking onto small fishing boats to refugee camps in Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines. From there, the Chinese-Vietnamese awaited sponsorship for resettlement in countries all over the world, including Canada, England, Australia, and the United States.

The Chinese-Vietnamese immigrants are sources of the undocumented stories of the Vietnam War, the witnesses of the missing narratives of America’s immigration history, and the navigators of multiple ethnic identities and historical narratives who bring with them compelling perspectives of what it means to be what Yen Le Espiritu terms as a “twice-minority” in America. 



"Hoa People," Wikipedia


Project Yellow Dress - Website about Vietnamese boat people experience and Southeast Asian (American) experience

How to Launch Your Own Oral History Project, Francesca Huynh, Medium 

Vietnam Archive Oral History Project, Texas Tech University


Chan, Yuk Wah. “Hybrid diaspora and identity-laundering: a study of the return of overseas Chinese Vietnamese in Vietnam.” Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong, 2013.

Chang, Pao-min. “The Sino-Vietnamese Dispute over the Ethnic Chinese.“ The China Quarterly.London:Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Chung Fong, Joe. “The Development of the Chinese-Vietnamese Community in San Francisco.” Los Angeles: University of California, 1998.


Chan, Yuk Wah. The Chinese/Vietnamese Diaspora: Revisiting the boat people.

Chung, Dr. Vinh. Where the Wind Leads: A Refugee Family's Miraculous Story of Loss, Rescue, and Redemption.

Trieu, Monica M. Identity Construction among Chinese-Vietnamese Americans: Being, Becoming, and Belonging. 


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